The estimates have been primarily based on Nationwide Blindness and Visually Impaired Survey (2019).
The prevalence of blindness in India has come down by round 47 per cent since 2007, in accordance with a authorities survey launched on Thursday, indicating that the nation is near reaching the WHO”s objective of decreasing it to 0.Three per cent of the whole inhabitants by 2020.
In absolute numbers, folks affected by blindness have diminished from 12 million in 2006-07 to 4.eight million in 2019. Additionally, cataract nonetheless stays to be most typical explanation for blindness (66.2 per cent) adopted by corneal blindness (7.Four laptop). In addition to this, the proportion of blindness attributable to problems of cataract surgical procedure (7.2 laptop) has additionally elevated, the survey revealed.
In accordance with the Nationwide Blindness and Visually Impaired Survey (2019) launched by Union Well being Minister Harsh Vardhan, the estimated prevalence of blindness within the nation has come right down to 0.36 per cent from 1.00 per cent in 2006-2007.
The present survey was carried out over a interval between 2015 and 2018 by Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences of the AIIMS in collaboration with the Union Well being ministry in these aged = 50 years inhabitants (93,000) utilizing Speedy Evaluation of Avoidable Blindness (RAAB) methodology in 31 districts of 24 states and Union Territories.
Dr Promila Gupta, Principal Guide within the Nationwide Programme for Management of Blindness within the Ministry of Well being stated this house-to-house survey was designed to generate consultant knowledge for the sampled districts in addition to for India. An extra survey was carried out between 0-49 years age group in January-February 2019 and lined 18,00Zero folks in 6 districts throughout varied areas of India.
“The outcomes of each surveys, in 0-49 age group and in = 50 years inhabitants, have been used to estimate the prevalence of blindness and visible impairment in India throughout all age group,” Dr Gupta stated.
“The prevalence of blindness in India has come down by round 47 per cent for the reason that final survey carried out in 2006-2007 and the findings of the present survey are for blindness as outlined to be imaginative and prescient of lower than 3/60 within the higher eye,” Dr Vardhan stated including the nation is near reaching the WHO’s objective of decreasing it to 0.Three per cent by 2020. India modified its over four-decade-old definition of blindness in 2017, bringing it consistent with the WHO standards.
In accordance with the brand new definition, an individual who's unable to depend fingers from a distance of three metres can be thought-about “blind” as in opposition to the sooner stipulation of six metres, which was adopted in 1976. The purpose of revising the definition can be to have the ability to generate knowledge which could be in contrast with international estimates and obtain the WHO objective of decreasing the blindness prevalence in India to 0.Three per cent of the whole inhabitants by 2020, Dr Gupta stated.
The survey additionally discovered that the visible impairment has come down by 51.9 per cent to 2.55 per cent as a in comparison with 2010 ranges. The WHO had set the objective of reducing the prevalence of visible impairment by 25 per cent by 2019 as in comparison with 2010 ranges. In 2010, the prevalence of visible impairment was 5.30 per cent within the Indian inhabitants. “We now have achieved this objective by a a lot better margin,” Dr Gupta stated.
(Aside from the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV employees and is printed from a syndicated feed.)
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