The Federal Commission for the Protection against Sanitary Risks (Cofepris) reported that this Tuesday three serological tests were approvedAlso known as "rapid tests" to detect coronavirus disease, produced by Abbott Laboratories, Beijing Diagret Biotechnologies and Hangzhou Biotest Biotech.
"This Federal Commission reports that, Of the tests evaluated to date, these three are the first to be approved and will continue to evaluate other serological tests that are submitted for authorization. Consequently, the list of tests will be updated as the evaluation of the tests progresses and its approval will be communicated in a timely manner. " Press release issued by the agency.
According to the World Health Organization (who), serological tests are useful to confirm the immune response a pathogen belonging to a specific group of viruses, such as the coronavirus.
In order to guarantee the effectiveness of the serological test results IgG (no evidence of infection) and IgM (probable recent infection without protective antibodies) for COVID-19, Cofepris established an evaluation protocol in conjunction with the National Institute of Nutrition and Medical Sciences "Salvador Zubirán" and TecSalud of the Tecnológico de Monterrey.
The document specifies that Those authorized for the tests must compulsorily report on the results if the patient has no evidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection, if recent infection is likely without protective antibodies, if the infection is likely, but has developing protectors, and if it is likely that the infection was present protective antibodies.
"It is ongoing what the Ministry of Health will do for the serological census that they said would start in July, if they will use these or others that they will have to buy, ”reads the statement.
In addition, the agency clarified that "Having IgG protective antibodies does not exclude the possibility of possible reinfection. "
In addition to this, it is specified that in the insert Inside the packaging of the authorized tests, information regarding the interpretation of the test must be included in the first paragraph. positive for antibodies against SARS-CoV-2.
It should be noted that these tests are intended to yield results in the shortest possible time, that of Hangzhou Biotest Biotech, under the name COVID 19 IgG-IgM Cassette, offers the sanitary resolution in 10 minutes, like the 2019-nCoV Specific Test (IgG & IgM antibody determination kit) of Beijing Diagret Biotechnologies.
According to the report of the Ministry of Health (SSa) of this Tuesday, May 19, in Mexico they add 5,666 deaths and 54,346 confirmed cases of coronavirus. In the last 24 hours they increased 2,713 positive patients, which are added to the 11,767 active cases nationwide that presented symptoms in the last 14 days.
José Luis Alomy, general director of Epidemiology, explained that the number of suspected cases is located in 29,450 and 101,979 tests for COVID-19 have yielded negative results.
As for the states that report the most deaths due to coronaviruses, the Mexico City (1,452), Baja California (582), State of Mexico (503), Tabasco (329), Sinaloa (320) and Quintana Roo (262).
For his part, the undersecretary of Prevention and Health Promotion, Hugo López-Gatell, who is the main person in charge of communicating the status of the disease daily, noted, about the use of remdesivir, that the drug is still under investigation.
"It is legitimate that they begin to harbor legitimate hope but it is very important that they have clearly located the state that these investigations keep. Remdesivir is not a drug that is authorized for general use in Mexico or in any other part of the world, "said the official.
Likewise, López-Gatell clarified that it is not a drug that has already been shown to fight coronavirus diseasebecause the idea could be created that "Just buy that medicine" to control the epidemic. In addition, he noted that this could give rise to pressure from pharmaceutical companies seeking to sell it to health institutions.
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