Among the 6,510 deaths from COVID-19 registered in Mexico, 24 of them have been in children under 20 years old, alerting parents not to trust that young people are immune to the virus, because they are not in the vulnerable population category.
During the afternoon Health conference, specialists addressed the problems of children and adolescents (children and adolescents) during confinement, which range from not being able to go to school, to becoming infected or suffering violence in their homes.
The Dra. Miriam Esther Veras Godoy, General Director of the General Directorate for Quality and Health Education (DGCES), reported that the population under 20 years of age is the least affected by the population, however, he is not free from the disease.
As a sample are the data for this May 21. In the country there are 462 confirmed cases of active contagion, within the accumulated of 1,471 with COVID-19, that is, those under 20 years of age represent 2.5% of the total.
In addition, they point out that so far 24 young people have died from the coronavirus, which indicates that the disease has a 1.6% case fatality in minors.
For this reason, minors should not be neglected, and be vigilant in the event that they begin to present discomforts, because even if the disease did not become complicated, they could spread the virus among the adults with whom they live.
To detect if a minor has COVID-19, it is necessary to identify the following symptoms:
- Fast breathing
- Sinking ribs
- Purple or bluish discoloration around the mouth
- Fever that is not easily controlled
- Difficulty drinking or breastfeeding
- The child looks sick (sleepy)
However, guardians should also be on the lookout in case the minors have swelling in the extremities, as it could be related to COVID-19.
Juan Francisco Galán Herrera, general director of Coordination of High Specialty Regional Hospitals, explained minors in United States and Italy have had symptoms of multisystemic inflammatory syndrome, similar to Kawasaki disease, associated with coronavirus.
"The trigger mechanism for this (Kawasaki disease) is not well known, but has been associated not only with this SARS-CoV-2, but with other viruses, triggers of this process. It is an immune response, not that COVID-19 will be presented in children in this way. Typically, Kawasaki disease has to meet certain presentations to be determined as such, "he said.
The symptoms of Kawasaki disease are as follows:
- Skin rash (uniform skin rashes)
- Redness on palms and soles
- Swollen glands
- Raspberry tongue
- Chapped lips
If those responsible for the child detect that they have any of the symptoms, they can call the COVID service line (800-00-44-800) to seek help immediately.
The authorities called on citizens living with minors to ensure that they receive the necessary care, such as receiving vaccines on time.
Asymptomatic child population
According to official data, the 40 million children and adolescents, 90% of those who are infected are asymptomatic, this means that they will only be carriers of the disease.
Of the 10% who contract the disease, more than 50% are males; more than 80% have complex comorbidities like obesity, diabetes or cancer; over 70% have severe respiratory symptoms and only 38% require ventilated respiratory support.
Protection for minors
The Executive Secretary of the National System for the Comprehensive Protection of Girls, Boys and Adolescents (SIPINNA), Ricardo Bucio Mújica, reported that in Mexico, one in three people in minors, in addition, that between March and June of this year more than 717 thousand babies will be born, so it is important to turn to see them and take them into account, beyond being dependent subjects of adults.
He referred that the essential actions for his care and protection they are: ensuring access to services; safeguard its integrity; avoid health risks and minimize side effects.
(Photo: Omar Martínez / Cuartoscuro)
For this reason, it called on all three levels of government to pay attention to the child population, beyond the coronavirus health crisis, in order to prevent an increase in school dropouts, child pregnancies, violence and child labor. .
"The challenge for boys and girls is not the pandemic, but invisibility (...) they are 30% of the population that are often not the subject of great national affairs, ”he said.
For his part, Cristian Roberto Morales Fuhrimann, representative of the WHO / PAHO in Mexico, he pointed out that the authorities must minimize the impact of COVID-19 on children with inclusion, participation, solidarity and social cohesion.
Until this May 21, 6,510 deaths, in addition to 59,567 accumulated confirmed cases and 12,905 active infections of COVID-19.
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